Objective: A systematic review of value and preference studies conducted in children and their caregivers related to the estimated benefits and harms of interventions for managing paediatric obesity.
Methods: We searched Ovid Medline (1946–2022), Ovid Embase (1974–2022), EBSCO CINAHL (inception to 2022), Elsevier Scopus (inception to 2022), and Pro Quest Dissertations & Theses (inception to 2022). Reports were eligible if they included: behavioural and psychological, pharmacological, or surgical interventions; participants between (or had a mean age within) 0–18 years old with overweight or obesity; systematic reviews, primary quantitative, qualitative, or mixed/multiple methods studies; and values and preferences as main study outcomes. At least two team members independently screened studies, abstracted data, and appraised study quality.
Results: Our search yielded 11 010 reports; eight met the inclusion criteria. One study directly assessed values and preferences based on hypothetical pharmacological treatment for hyperphagia in individuals with Prader-Willi Syndrome. Although not having reported on values and preferences using our a priori definitions, the remaining seven qualitative studies (n = 6 surgical; n = 1 pharmacological) explored general beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions about surgical and pharmacological interventions. No studies pertained to behavioural and psychological interventions.

Conclusion: Future research is needed to elicit the values and preferences of children and caregivers using the best available estimates of the benefits and harms for pharmacological, surgical, and behavioural and psychological interventions.

Read the full paper in Pediatric Obesity, here.